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2 years ago  ::  Aug 26, 2015 - 3:44PM #1
AristotlesChild
Posts: 1,947

Virtually all of the world’s major religions have scriptures of some type.

In this country we have the Jewish Bible or Tanakh-The Holy Scriptures, The Holy Bible (Old and New Testaments), the Book of Mormon, and increasingly the Koran which are perhaps the best known scriptures in America.


As a general norm, they all make similar claims regarding: (1) some form of divine inspiration, (2) a literal rather than figurative interpretation, (3) historical accuracy, and (4) inerrancy (freedom from error).


Perhaps, we can start by examining Catholic scriptures (both the Old and New Testaments) which are representative of Christian scriptures in general. And perhaps then move on to other scriptures.






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2 years ago  ::  Aug 26, 2015 - 4:13PM #2
MG42
Posts: 183

Please do elaborate, O Ye Exalted Exegete Who Walks.

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2 years ago  ::  Aug 26, 2015 - 7:32PM #3
Kemmer
Posts: 18,459

Aug 26, 2015 -- 4:13PM, MG42 wrote:


Please do elaborate, O Ye Exalted Exegete Who Walks.




"Exalted Exegete Who Walks" sounds like a wonderfully updated Sioux or Cheyenne name.  Maybe Crow, even.

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2 years ago  ::  Aug 26, 2015 - 9:22PM #4
vra
Posts: 7,467

I like "Running Bear".  

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2 years ago  ::  Aug 27, 2015 - 1:09AM #5
Kemmer
Posts: 18,459

Aug 26, 2015 -- 9:22PM, vra wrote:


I like "Running Bear".  




Too passé.  So 1882.

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2 years ago  ::  Aug 27, 2015 - 7:12AM #6
AristotlesChild
Posts: 1,947

Two modern Biblical translations, The New American Bible Revised Edition  (Catholic) and The New Revised Standard Version (World Council of Churches) can be found at several websites.


Both were prepared using the oldest extant (surviving) bibles in their original languages. Both are excellent and largely identical. The NAB, however, contains far more footnotes and background material.


Dating of extant scripture: Oldest Hebrew fragments, about 2nd century BC.  The oldest Greek translation of the entire bible is the Septuagint, the 4th century Codex Sinaiticus. The oldest extant manuscripts of Masoretic Text used in many modern bibles is about the 9th century AD. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dating_the_Bible


We’ll begin with the Old Testament and the first question is what historical period does it cover. The Old Testament begins with creation, and the dating of creation is greatly disputed. There is also dispute about which book of the Old Testament was written last. We'll cover that separately.


“Young Earth Creationism (YEC) takes the bible literally and establish creation as occurring  5,700 and 10,000 years ago. 


Scientific studies, however, consider creation dating to be about: formation of the universe 13.8 billion years; formation of the earth 4.5 billion years ago, and first appearance of life on earth 2.5 billion years ago. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Young_Earth_creati... 


The first five books of the Old Testament are known as the Pentateuch or Torah. Authorship is ascribed to Moses. These are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. www.religioustolerance.org/chr_tora.htm


 The next questions are when were these actually written, who really wrote them, and are they to be taken as literal and thus history.

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2 years ago  ::  Aug 28, 2015 - 8:42PM #7
AristotlesChild
Posts: 1,947

 


The first five books of the bible, the Pentateuch, also called the Torah, or the Five Books of Moses forms the foundational story for Israel. Virtually, all nations have a foundational story of some kind.


Traditionally, it was written by Moses. But this is rather doubted today. In another post we can consider the evidence for this belief and the more recent Documentary Hypothesis.


It is claimed that  the Pentateuch was written by Moses about the 15th century BC. But modern archaeologists date it to about the 7th  century B.C. long after the Exodus story.

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