Recite Holy Quran daily even a single verse but recite along with its meaning.
Islam is the Religion of Nature.
Quest of Zari "FOR MUSLIM YOUTH"
· Steps of spreading of Islam
· Periods of preaching of Islam (tabligh)
· Types of migration or hijrat
· Stories of battle or ghazwaat
· Story of valley of Shaib Abi Talib
· Story of Karbala
· Hadrat Ayesha RA
· Hadrat Khudija RA
· Hadrat Fatima RA
· Hadrat Hassan RA and Hadrat Hussain RA
· The four caliphs or Khulfa e Rashideen
· Signs before the day of judgment
· Way of performing Arkaan e Islam
· The Great creator-Allah the Exalted
· Solutions of difficulties faced by Muslims now a days
· Important Islamic occasions
· Last address of Holy Prophet SAWW or Khudba hajjatul Wida
· Stories of prophets
· Panj Tan Paak
. Laws in Quran about modesty, inheritance and mehram
. Family of Prophet Muhammad SAWW
Steps of spreading of Islam
The first step of spreading of Islam was preaching because of which many people embraced Islam. But when non believers and idolaters of Makah started to tease Muslims, Allah the Exalted ordered the Muslims to leave Makah means to migrate (hijrat) and took refuge in Habshah. Then to reveal among the people that who is the right and who is the evil Allah ordered Muslims to fight battles. In history the battles fought with in the presence of Prophet PBUH are called ghazwaat. To fight a battle or ghazwa is not only jihad but to respect & obey parents, to acquire knowledge, to fight against evil desires etc are different types of jihad.
Periods of preaching of Islam (tabligh)
There are 3 periods of preaching of Islam. At the age of 40 Allah revealed the following verse on the Prophet PBUH
'Read! In the name of your Lord Who has created, He has created man from a clot, Read! And your Lord is Most Generous, Who has taught by the pen, He has taught man which he knew not.
Prophet PBUH got afraid of him and came back home. Then Allah revealed His second verse of Quran through angel Gabriel AS
'O you, covered in your cloak, arise and warn, thy Lord magnify, thy raiment purify, pollution shun ...'
During first period he did not preach Islam openly but confidentially. In the second period he openly invited the people of Makah on mount of Safa and asked if I asked you that a caravan beside this mount is being reaching you to attack will you believe? They said why not? We will believe because you are the truthful and the honest. Then he SAWW invited them to worship One True Allah but except Hazrat Ali everybody refused. In the third period he openly announced that worshiping idols is totally wrong & we should believe in the oneness of God (Allah).
Types of migration or hijrat
There are three types of migration. The first was Hijrat e Habshah Awal when Muslims left Makah and took refuge in Habshah whose king was Najashy to get rid of the atrocity of unbelievers and idolaters of Makah. King Najashy gave the Muslims to live at Habshah after having complete disquisition about the leader (Prophet) of Muslims i.e. Hazrat Muhammad SAWW that he is the truthful, the honest and the best in character. But when people of Makah realized that now Muslims are in peace they spread a rumor that all people in Makah have accepted Islam. Muslims returned back to Makah and saw that it was totally a wrong rumor so they returned back to Habshah. This was Hijrat e Habshah Daum. This time the number of men and women were greater than in Hijrat e Habshah Awal. The third is Hirat e Medina when by the order of Allah Prophet SAWW migrated from Makah to Medina as the idolaters of Makah had decided to act upon their 2nd plan that is to kill the prophet SAWW which was given by Abu Jahal. The other two planning were either to imprison the prophet SAWW or to exile him. During his SAWW migration he stayed in Ghaar e Soor for three days with his companion Hazrat Abu Bakr RA whose daughter Hazrat Zainab used to give them food at night time.
Stories of battle or ghazwaat
It must be kept in mind that when prophet SAWW migrated from Makah to medina different types of tribes were living they include some Jews, idolaters, some Muslims who were already living in medina (ansaar) and some Muslim refugees (mahajareen).Prophet SAWW decided a charter or contract between all these tribes called Medina Charter that they will not fight with each other but fight with those who ever tries to attack medina and its people. But whenever a tribe broke the charter Prophet SAWW also fought with it. Similarly when idolaters of Makah broke the contract namely Sulah e hadabia Prophet SAWW fought with them and won. After some years some women from Makah came to prophet SAWW as they had accepted Islam and did not wanted to live with their family who were non Muslims and they promised that they would not worship but Allah, they will not have illicit relationships and will not kill their children.
Ghazwa e Abwa Yawadaan
It was the first ghazwa. 60 Muslim soldiers were present. Hazrat saad bin aabada was the standard bearer. They chased unbelievers upto the place abwabut unbelievers ran away.
Hazrat Saad Bin Maaz was the general of Muslims. 100 Muslim soldiers were present. Hazart Saad bin Abi Waqas was the standard bearer. The general of unbelievers was Salaar Aamir whose caravan had 2500 camels. The caravan of Prophet PBUH chased the unbelievers but no confronting took place.
Karz bin Jabr attacked the meadow of Muslims at medina and took away camels with himself. Prophet PBUH made Hazrat Ali bin Abu Talib the standard bearer and made Hazrat Zaid bin Harsa the official head and chased the dacoits upto the place Sufwaan but dacoits ran away. As this place is nearer to badr that’s why this ghazwa is named as Ghazwa e Badr e Oola
Ghazwa Zae ul Aushair
The caravan of Idolaters of Makah was going with their merchandise from Makah to Syria. Prophet SAWW went with his 150 or 200 companions to loot them but they went away far.
When the same caravan was returning back to Makah from Syria whose general was Abu Sufyaan, the ghazwa took place. Muslims planned to loot this caravan. Allah promised Muslims that they would overcome any one of the two caravans. The second caravan of idolaters was led by Abu Jahal who came to safe the caravan of Abu Sufyaan. As a result Muslims fought with Abu Jahal and won. Allah helped Muslims by different ways even He sent His 1000 angels and rain. 313 Muslims were present whereas idolaters were 1000. 70 idolaters were killed and 70 were arrested. Some idolaters were sat free agter giving some money others were ordered to help 10, 10 Muslim children in reading and writing.
Ghazwa e Bani Quainka
Jews had 3 big tribes Quainka, Banu Nazeer and Banu Kareeza. They had a contract with Muslims that they would not fight with each other and Muslims but broke it. In ghazwa e bany qainka MuslimS fought with A Jew tribe of bany qainka as they asked Muhammad SAWW that ghazwa e badr was not a fight if you want to face real battle then fight with us instead of idolaters of Makah .Muslims won this battle . Prophet SAWW turned away the Jews from that city after attacking and winning the battle from them
Ghazwa e saweeq
In ghazwa e saweeq idolaters attack Muslims at the place of qareeze as they had lost in battle of badar but when Prophet SAWW chased idolaters they ran away .in order to become light in wait and to run faster abu jahal throw away all the sacks of “sawweq” from his horse
Ghazwa e uhad
In ghazwa e uhad Allah again sent his angels to help Muslims .Prophet SAWW set 50 soldiers in a valley in case if kuffar attack Muslims from their back but unfortunately when Muslimsstart winning all those 50 solders got busy in collecting booty and kuffar attacked Muslims from that valley. in this ghazwa 70 Muslims got martyr and 30 kufaar were killed
Ghazwa e ghatfan
In ghazwa e ghatfaan when Prophet SAWW came to know Hard asood has planned to attack medina city Prophet SAWW collected his companions for the battle .kufaar ran away only 1 person was caught by Muslims who became Muslim .at night hard asood came with his sword to kill Prophet SAWW and asked him now who will safe you? Prophet SAWW replied calmly “Allah”. He got frightened. Prophet SAWW forgave him. he inspired from Prophet SAWW and became Muslim .
Ghazwa e banu nazeer
In ghazwa e banu nazeer Prophet SAWW announced to fight against banu nazeer as they killed hazrat umar bin ummaiya .but they told to Prophet SAWW that according to charter we cannot fight with each other. Prophet SAWW accepted their reason .but soon they themselves brake the charter as they planned to throw a heavy stone on Prophet SAWW and on his companions. Prophet SAWW got the knowledge of it through revelation of Allah .Prophet sSAWW seige the fort of Jews of banu nazeer. They soon left the city and all their goods were taken by Muslims as booty.
Ghazwa e bard e sughra
In ghazwa e badr e shugra according to the demand of people of Makah Prophet SAWW gathered his army for fight but due to famine kuffar got afraid and refused to fight .Muslims sold all their goods which they had collected for the days during battle and received a lot of profit as booty
Ghazwa zaat ul rakah
In ghazwa zaat ul rakah Prophet AWW gathered 400 soldiers to fight at the place of zaat ul rakah with fayel anmar and solba who wanted to attack medina but when they saw Muslims they ran away
Ghazwa romtal jundal
In ghawa romtal jundal prophet SAWW gathered 1000 Muslim soldiers to fight against the people of romtal jundal as they wanted to attack medina. but when they saw Muslims they ran away leaving their cattle in the meadows .Muslims took cattle as booty
Ghazwa marsae is also known as ghazwa mushtalik .at the place of mushtaliq a tribe kha’zaa wanted to attack medina. in this battle ume salma and hazrat Ayesha helped the Muslims by providing them water. Muslim won this battle.10 kufaar were killed.700 got arrested. Muslims got 500 goats and 200 camels. Abdullah bin Abi tried to displease Muslims with each other in case of water but failed
Ghazwa e khandak
ghazwa e khandak is also known as ghazwa e ahzaab .in this battle Muslims dig a moat around the city of medina as many tribes planned commonly to attack medina. but a single side of moat was not widely dig and kuffar reached medina through that side .however to defend a woman at a certain home hazrat Hassan bin sabit killed a kafir(non muslim).kuffar(non muslims) thought that the number of muslims and their supporters is greater and some may hid themselves in homes also so they got frightened. more over hazrat naeem by the permission of Prophet Muhammad SAWW made dissension between Jews and kuffar of quraish tribe so they all returned and medina was once again got purified from kuffar
Ghazwa e bany kareeza
in ghazwa e bany kareeza according to the will and order of Allah prophet SAWW seige the tribe of Jews banu qareeza for breaking the decided contract or charter .Jews decided to accept whatever hazrat Saad bin Maaz decides for them .hazrat saad decided to kill their men and make their children and women slaves.
Sulah e Hadabia
In sulah e hadabia Muslims had decided to perform umra but idolaters of Makah did not permit them and told them to come next year for umra without any weapons with themselves except swords which must be kept in case. moreover they told prophet SAWW to return back any Muslim who will migrate from Makah to medina but one who migrates from medina to Makah will not be returned
Letters sent to kings
Prophet SAWW sent letters to different kings of different states to accept Islamexcept a few all accepted Islam. king kaisar (OF PERSIAN EMPIRE) and king kasra(OF ROMAN EMPIRE) tore the letter and did not accepted islam but after a few decades they both faced defeat by Muslims during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar RA
Ghazwa e zaat ul qadar
In Ghazwa e zaat ul qadar,Qadar was a meadow of medina and was attacked by Abdurrahman and his companions who took away 20 camels with them .Hazrat Salma who was a Muslim bowman chased the dacoits and returned back the camels. Prophet SAWW forgave the dacoits
Ghazwa e khaibar
When Jews were drove out by Muslims they took refuge in khaiber. Prophet SAWW gathered his 1400 to 1800 soldiers and reached khaiber .Jews had 8 forts out of which the fort of Naeem was the most difficult but Hazrat Ali conquered it at first attempt. Now after defeat of Jews they were drove out from their too & all the goods that were left behind was taken by Muslims as booty. this was ghazwa e khaiber
Ghazwa e wadi ul qura
Now prophets SAWW reached wadi ul qura where Jews were settled .Jews bowed many arrows on Muslims .prophet SAWW asked them to accept Islam however Jews asked for the battle .now Muslim siege Jews for 4 days Muslims got victory. This was ghazwa e wadi ul qura .the Jews of khaiber decided to give half of their crops to Muslims for many years .Jews of semaar also gave money to Muslims.
Ghazwa e muta
In ghazwa e muta there was a place muta present in seria .in this battle many Muslims got martyr. King shajeel who used to report Prophet SAWW was also killed by kasr e room. Prophet SAWW gathered 3000 soldiers while non Muslim king kaisar brought 100000 soldiers. 12 muslims got martyr and many non Muslims were killed. Muslims got a large amount of booty.
According to sulah e hadabia it was decided that Muslims and idolaters would not fight with each other for 10 years .but idolaters ofMakah themselves break the contract .Prophet SAWW gathered 10000 soldiers and reached makkah.abu sufyaan the chief of idolaters got arrested who then became Muslim .Prophet SAWW went to Harm and broke all the idols and offered prayer .now Makah was conquered by Muslims .as the idolaters had prosecuted Muslims badly but however after conquest Prophet SAWW forgave them
Ghazwa e hunnain
In ghazwa e hunnain prophet SAWW came to know that Banu hawazan and banu saqeef has planned to attack medina .prophet SAWW gathered his 12000 soldiers to attack enemies who were 4000 in number. Muslims got victory in this battle too. But by the grace of Allah not because of their menpower
After losing ghazwa e hunnain kufaar settled in taif and ootaas .At the place of ootaas Muslims got a dominating position therefore kuffar had left their weapon and arrested .now Muslim went to taif and siege all the forts there. Muslim started to demolish their forts .Prophet SAWW asked Hazrat Ali to break all the idols in taif. Prophet SAWW set the kufaar free. Muslims got a great amount of booty
Ghazwa e tabook
In ghazwa e tabook,tabook was a place located at a distance of 500 km from medina. when prophet SAWW came to know that the people of tabook are planning for a great battle Prophet SAWW decided to attack tabook .due to shortage of water some hypocrites tried to forbade Muslims to fight the battle but failed. many companions specially Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar gave a lot of money to strengthen Muslims. the people of tabook got frightened when they saw that Muslims had covered such a long distance for battle .they realized that Muslims are well prepared so they refused to fight instead they gave a lot of money to Muslims .all other nearby tribes gave money to Muslims. when prophet SAWW and his companions returned back to medina all women and children played small tambourines to show their happiness.
Welcome of tribes
Some groups of different tribes came to medina Prophet SAWW welcomed them and gave them food and shelter. he SAWW also teach them the laws of Islam.
Family Tree of Prophet SAWW
Hazrat Abu Bakr RA
1. He is the first caliph of Islam. His real name was Abdullah. His father was Uthman Abu Quhafa. He was the first man who immediately who belief in the Rasalat of Prophet SAWW and on the story of shab e mairaj. He helped the prophet in thick and thin. He remained in prophet SAWW in the cave of saur for 3 days while migrating from Makah to Medina .after the death of Prophet saw he announced that whoever refuse to pay zakat I will fight against him .In ghazwae e tabook (battle of tabook) he gave all his money and things to the Prophet SAWW to strengthen muslims .But unfortunately he vigorously take the orchard of fidk of Prophet SAWW from Hazrat Fatima after the death of Prophet SAWW. In 631 AD, Muhammad sent from Medina a delegation of three hundred Muslims to perform the Hajj according to the new Islamic way. Abu Bakr was appointed as the leader of the delegates. Abu Bakr had thus the honour of being the First Amir-ul-Hajj in the history of Islam. The wife of Prophet SAWW namely Ayesha RA was his daughter. Abu Bakr Children
Abdullah bin abi bakr
Hazrat Umar RA
Hazrat Umar(R.A.), the was born in Makkah about 12-13 years after the birth of the Prophet(S.A.W.). His father, who was an educated, respectable part of the society, taught his son how to read and write. After his acceptance of Islam, he received the title of Farooq, meaning one ‘who distinguishes between the right and the wrong.’He was the son of son of Al-Kattab. Hazrat Umar is regarded as one of the greatest political geniuses in history he also ordered the expulsion of the Christian and Jewish communities of Najran and Khaybar allowing them to reside in Syria or Iraq. When Basra was established during his period, he started building some canals for conveying drinking water and for irrigation. He is said to be blessed with a strong physique and the best hoseman and conqueror of the world. He married a total of 9 women in his lifetime and had 14 children, 10 sons and 4 daughters. He was the 2nd caliph of Islam. He used to wear simple dress and eat simple food .He and his family themselves obey all the rules which were announced for common people .Before accepting Islam he was against the oneness of God .His acceptance of Islam impacted the people of Makah greatly as he was very strong and brave and proved a one of the best companion of the Prophet SAWW .During the days of his caliphate Muslims conquered the two biggest empires of that time one is roman empire and the other Persian empire. He gave half of his money to prophet SAWW for the battle of Tabook.
Hazrat Usman RA
He was the 3rd caliph of Islam. He was from the "Umayyah" family of Quraish. His father was Affan. Hadrat Uthman (R.A.) accepted Islam when Abu Bakr (R.A.) preached to him. He spent most of his money for the progress of Islam .He was a great businessman .In those day Arab was a desert. There was only one well who was owned by a Jew who sold its water at a high price. He bought the well at a high price from the Jew and set the water of well free for everyone. During the days of great famine he supplied the Muslims food stuff free of cost .He was indeed good mannered and generous. He also spends his lot of money to strengthen Muslims during ghazwa e tabook. Once Prophet SAWW said that if he had 40 daughters he would give all in the nikah of Hazrat Usman RA. During Hadrat Uthman’s period Muslim naval force was developed and Muslims started naval victories. The victory over the huge naval force of Byzantine Empire comprising 500 ships has been termed as the Grand Victory.After the capture of North African territories by Muslims and gaining full control over Mediterranean, the mighty power of Byzantine and Roman Empire had collapsed. He was called ghani which means giver. The wife of Prophet SAWW namely Hafsa RA was his daughter.
Hazrat Ali RA
He is the 3rd caliph of Islam.He is also known as Lion of God as he was very brave. He was born 541 AD in kab’bah .He was thirty years younger than Prophet SAWW .He was the first child who believe on the apostleship of Prophet SAWW. He was the cousin and son in law of Prophet SAWW .He belong to the tribe of Quraish and family of banu hashim. He was the son of hazrat abu talib. In ghazwa e Khaibar the fort of khaibar was extremely difficult to. Prophet SAWW told that tomorrow he will give the flag to conquer the fort to such a person who love Allah and His Prophet SAWW .On the next day the flag was given to Hazrat Ali who conquered that difficult fort .OHe was the father of Hazrar Hassan and Hazrat Hussain and husband of Hazrat Fatima binte Muhammad SAWW. Once Prophet SAWW said “one who loves Ali Allah will love him and he who has hates Ali Allah will hate that person”. He stayed in the bed of Prophet SAWW to return back the deposits of people the next day when Prophet SAWW was migrating to Medina although he was well informed that the idolaters have planned to kill the Prophet SAWW. He was killed by Abdurrahman bin Muljim. He wrote a very beneficial book called Nahjul Balagha which is composed of his sermons. He killed a very stunning and proud unbeliever in just one time. Once his loving servant stole a thing as a punishment he cut down his hand. When the servant met Hazrat Suleman Farse RA he told him that Hazrat Ali RA has saved me from the anguish of here after. Hazrat Ali RA called him and told him to lay down his arm along with his hand that has been cut down under this handkerchief. When the servant put out his arm he found his hand reattached with his self. As Hazrat Ali RA was not a prophet that why such characteristics are not named as Mojzaat but as Karamat. Once a man came and told him that my son has punched me. When the son came he told the caliph that I from my childhood have sawn my parents fighting with each other and doing other evil doings. Then Hazrat Ali RA replied if a cow has teased the other cow so why you have came to me? Hazrat Ali had a great knowledge of mathematics. Thus he was a great legendary personality of Islam.
Grand children of Prophet SAWW
Hazrat Hassan bin Ali RA
Hazrat Hussain bin Ali RA
Hazrat Zainab Binte Ali RA
1.Hazrat Hassan bin Ali RA
Imam Hassan Mujtaba (as) was the second Imam. He and his brother Imam Hussein were the two sons of Amir al-mu"minin Ali and Hadhrat Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet. Many times the Prophet had said,"Hassan and Hussein are my children". Story of Karbala
The martyrdom of Imam Ali (A) on the 21st of Mahe Ramadhan, 40 A.H.The researcher who examines the life of the Holy Prophet's grandson, and his brother, Imam Hussain (as),can’t help drawing the conclusion that they enjoyed a high level of education and spiritual and ideological upbringing, which no other person had won next to their grandfather (pbuh),mother and father (as).One of the Holy Imam's (A) wives was Ju'da binte Ash'ath bin Qays this evil woman put poison in the Holy Imam's (A) drinking water the Holy Imam (A) departed from this world.
2.Hazrat Hussain bin Ali RA
Imam Hussain Ibn Ali (AS) the third Imam.Second son of Fatima (SA) and Ali (AS) Hussain (AS) was born on 3rd Shabaan, 4th year of Hijri (10.1.626 AD). He was the grandchild of Prophet SAWW. The Prophet SAWW said God will create a nation who will mourn Hussain till the Day of Judgement. He was martyred with his companions by the army of Yazid in the month of Muharram 61 A.H. His tomb is in Karbala, a town of Iraq.The Prophet SAWW said Hassan (as) is from me and I am from Hossein (as), Allah befriends those who befriend Hossein (PBUH) and He is the enemy of those who bear enmity to him.
3.Hazrat Zainab Binte Ali RA
Although her husband Hazrat Abdullah bin Jafar was a man of means, she lived a modest life, not a life of luxury. She and her husband were charitable to the needy people. Sayyeda Zainab (a.s), the daughter of Imam Ali (a.s) and Sayyeda Fatima (a.s.), was an exemplary woman of great ability, intelligence, knowledge, insight, courage and perseverance. She performed her divine duties to the best of her ability. After the martyrdom of her brother and her two sonsat Karbala, she said: "O my Lord! Accept our humble sacrifice to You." Grand children of Prophet SAWW
Wives of Prophet SAWW
1. Hazrat Khudija RA
This noble lady belonged to the Quraish tribe. She is also known as "Khatijatul Kubra" or "Khadijah the Great."
Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) married her when he was 25 years old and she was 40 years old. She was a very devoted wife, companion and councillor, ever ready to stand by Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in all trials and tribulations. She proved to be an immense support and help to the Cause of Islam. She passed away at the age of 65 years on the 11th of Ramadaan - 10 years after the first revelation. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has said about her: "The noblest women of the world are Sayyadah Mariam (alaihis salaam) and Sayyadah Khadijah (radi Allahu anha)." (Bukhari Shareef)
2. Hazrat Sauda
Sayyadah Sa'uda (radi Allahu anha) was a widow and the daughter of Sayyadah Zama (radi Allahu anhu). She married Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) after Sayyadah Khadijah (radi Allahu anha) had passed away. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was then 55 years old.
She was generous, affectionate and kind. The reason for his marriage was that he needed someone to care for his children so that he could concentrate on the heavy responsibilities of Prophethood. Sayyadah Aisha Siddique (radi Allahu anha) has said about her: "It is only Sa'uda, on seeing whom, I wish my soul lived in her body." Sayyadah Sa'uda (radi Allahu anha) passed away in 55 A.H
3. Hazrat Ayesha
She was the daughter of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) and was unmarried. In the 10th year of the mission, Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) married her. Since she was very young at the time of her marriage, she only began to live with him in Madinatul Munawwarah in 2 A.H. He married Sayyadah Aisha Siddique (radi Allahu anha) in order to strengthen the ties of friendship with Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu), his closest friend and also so that she could teach other women.
Sayyadah Aisha (radi Allahu anha) led a very simple life without comfort and luxury. She dressed very simple. She served Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) with utmost devotion and he loved her very much. She led a very pious life.
When Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) passed away, she was 25 years old. Thereafter, she lived for another 48 years and saw the rule of all the four Khulafaa.
She is remembered for her intelligence, intuition, her knowledge of Hadith and principles of religion, secrets of Islamic knowledge, Arabic literature, piety and Islamic Fiqh. She became a great Madani (person of Madinatul Munawwarah) scholar and knew several thousand Ahadith by heart. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself used to teach her and answer her questions. She used to also teach other women. A great Scholar, Imam Zahri (radi Allahu anhu), has said about her: "Sayyadah Aisha (radi Allahu anha's) knowledge will surpass the knowledge of all the males and Mothers of the Faithful put together."
4. Hazrat Hafsa
She was the daughter of Sayyiduna Umar (radi Allahu anhu) and was a widow. In 2 or 3 A.H. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) married her. He also gave his own daughter, Sayyadah Umm Kulthum (radi Allahu anha), in marriage to Sayyiduna 'Uthman (radi Allahu anhu).
She was a very learned person and spent most of her time in reading and writing. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had personally taught her with the result that she was an authority on Islamic knowledge. She was also given the original hand-written copy of the Holy Quran to keep. She was very pious and saintly. She passed away in the month of Shabaan 45 A.H.
5. Hazrat Zainab
She was the daughter of Khuzaimah. She was a widow and was poverty stricken. Moved by her piety and self-sacrifice, Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) married her in 3 A.H. Sayyadah Zaynab (radi Allahu anha) was a very kind-hearted lady and ever ready to help the poor and destitute. She would spend all her income on charity and was called"Ummul Masaakin" or "Mother of the Poor." She passed away within three months of her marriage and was buried in Jannatul Baqi.
6. Hazrat Umme Salma
She was the daughter of Abu Ummayyah Sohail. When her husband passed away she was left with four children and had no means of maintenance. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), now 57 years old, married her in the month of Shawwal in 4 A.H.
She was very beautiful and used to live a very pious life. She did all kinds of good works. She was very learned and had a good knowledge of Hadith. She was able to teach others on Islamic matters. She read the Holy Quran in the same style as Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). She was almost as learned as Sayyadah Aisha (radi Allahu anha). She outlived all the Ummahaatul Mu'mineen and passed away at the age of 84 years in 63 A.H.
7. Hazrat Zainab
She was the daughter of Jahsh bin Rabah and married Sayyiduna Zaid bin Harith (radi Allahu anhu), the adopted son of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). After her divorce, she married Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in 5 A.H., when he was 58 years old.
Her marriage to Sayyiduna Zaid (radi Allahu anhu) was a lesson to all not to distinguish between a free person and a slave in social matters. She was very generous to the poor people of Madinatul Munawwarah. She passed away at the age of 53 years in 20 A.H. and lies buried in Jannatul Baqi. When she passed away, Sayyadah Aisha (radi Allahu anha) said about her: "Alas, the pious respected lady is no more and has left the orphans and widows broken-hearted."
8. Hazrat Jawaria
She was the daughter of Harith and was a widow. She was a captive of war and set free by Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who married her in 5 A.H. As a result of her marriage, the prisoners which belonged to her tribe were set free. This made many accept Islam.
Sayyadah Juwairiyah (radi Allahu anha) was a highly self-respecting person. She was very religious-minded and spent most of her time in Salaah. She was also very learned. She passed away at the age of 65 years in 56 A.H. and lies buried in Jannatul Baqi.
9. Hazrat Umme Habiba
She was the daughter of Sayyiduna Abu Sufyaan (radi Allahu anhu) and a widow. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) married her when she was 36-37 years old in 6-7 A.H. This marriage also resulted in Sayyiduna Khalid bin Walid (radi Allahu anhu) accepting Islam.
She was a dedicated wife and feared Almighty Allah much. She had much regard for the poor, down-trodden and destitute and prayed a lot for the Muslims. She passed away at the age of 73 in 44 A.H.
10. Hazrat Safhiya
She was a Jewess and taken captive during the Battle of Khaibar. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) married her in 7 A.H. This made a great impact on the Jews, with the result that many accepted Islam.
She was very dignified in her behaviour, patient and polite. She was very much attached to Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and he had great regards for her. She was also very generous and kind-hearted. She was also very learned. She passed away at the age of 50 and is buried in Jannatul Baqi.
11. Hazrat Maymuna
She was a widow. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) married her in the month of Shawwal when she was 51 years old. Her marriage also drew many towards Islam. She was very pious and humble and fond of advising Muslim women and freeing slaves. She was also very learned. She passed away in 51 A.H.
12. Hazrat Maria
She was given to Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as a gift by the Christian King of Egypt. She accepted Islam and was very pious. Her marriage also improved the relationship with the Egyptians. She passed away 5 years after her son passed away and is buried in Jannatul Baqi.
She born a son, Sayyiduna Ibrahim (radi Allahu anhu), who passed away in infancy.
13. Hazrat Rayhana
She was among those enslaved after the defeat of the Banu Quraza tribe.
Children of Prophet PBUH
Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had children from only two of his wives. They were Sayyadah Khadijah (radi Allahu anha) and Sayyadah Maria Qibtiya (radi Allahu anha).
1.Sayyiduna Qasim (radi Allahu anhu):
He was the eldest son. Hazrat Qasim RA was born from Hazrat Khadija RA and died in childhood.
2.Sayyiduna Abdullah (radi Allahu anhu):
He was born during the period of Prophethood and was called "Tayyab" and "Taahir." He also passed away in infancy. Hazrat Abdullah RA *was also born from Hazrat Khadija RA.
3.Sayyadah Fathima (radi Allahu anhu):
She was the youngest daughter of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). She married Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu). They had 3 sons and 2 daughters. Sayyiduna Imam Hassan, Sayyiduna Imam Hussain, Sayyiduna Mohsin, Sayyadah Umme Kulthum and Sayyadah Zainab (radi Allahu anhumul ajma'in). She passed away a few months after Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) left this world. She is considered to be "Sayyidatun Nisaa min Ahlil Jannah" or "Leader of the Women of Paradise."Her mother is Hazrat Khudija RA.
4.Sayyiduna Ibrahim (radi Allahu anhu)
He passed away in infancy. Her mother Is Hazrat Maria RA.
The names of the step children of Prophet PBUH are:-
3.Hazrat Umme Kalsoom
Story of the valley of Shaib Abi Talib
As a great number of people were accepting Islam and left worshiping idols the people of Makah who were non Muslims decided to kill Prophet SAWW .to save his life his uncle Hazrat Abi Talib left him, his wife Hazrat Khudija and his companions in a valley of sahib abi talib. it was decided by the people of Makah that Muslims will not be allow to marry in the valley nor they can have any trade with outside people .and they were not allowed to meet any person outside the valley .they remained there for 3 years by eating just leaves of plants. But according to the revelation of Allah Prophet SAWW told the people that the contract paper on which these conditions were written is eaten by white ants except those parts of paper where Allah was written. he also asked them that if his words came true they should set Muslims free from the valley. the words of Prophet SAWW proved true and they left Prophet SAWW and his companions.
Story of Karbala
The Battle of Karbala took place on 10 Muharam i.e. (10 Oct, 680) in Karbala. First group was a small group of relatives and companions of Mohammad’s (SAWW) grandson Hazrat Husain (R.A). Second group was yazid’s group of large military force and Umayyad Caliph. 10 day period is held every year in muharram by sunni and shia, and called Ashura.If we see the political background of battle of Karbala, we can see it is started from the assassination of Hazrat Usman (R.A) and rebels occupied city of Madina. Then Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib was elected as the fourth Caliph.
Mawiya 1 died on Rajab 22, 60 AH (680 CE). In violation of Islamic tradition and his own written agreement with Hazrat Hassan (R.A) Muawiya 1 appointed his son yazid as his successor. Husain departed Medina on Rajab 28, 60 AH (680 CE), two days after Walid’s attempt to force him to submit to Yazid I’s rule. He stayed in Mecca from the beginnings of the Sha’ban and all of Ramadan, Shawl, as well as Dhu al- Qidah .It is mainly during his stay in Mecca that he received many letters from Kufa assuring him their support and asking him to come over there and guide them. He answered their calls and sent Muslim ibn Aqeel, his cousin, to Kufa as his representative in an attempt to consider the exact situation and public opinion.Husain and his followers are two days away from Kufa and yazid intercepted them with his 1000 men army. Army led by hurr ibn riahy. On 10 muharma we also called it Ashura, Husain completed his morning prayers. On the other hand Husain companions were 32 horsemen and 40 infantrymen. Husain rode his horse Zuljinah. Hazrat Abaas went to the river to get water for Hussain's 4 year old daughter Sakina. He filled the water bag. On returning back the rivals On his way back, he was struck from behind, and one of his arms was amputated. Then, he was struck from behind again, amputating his other arm. Abbas was now carrying the water-bag in his mouth. The army of Yazid Ibn Mawiya started shooting arrows at him. One arrow hit the bag and water poured out of it. At that moment, Abbas lost all hope and got martyr. Husain fought with the army till when a person from yazid’s army hit him with arrow and hit his sword on imam Husain head. Then shimr ibn dhilijawshan dismounted his horse and cut Hazrat Husain’s throat with his sword.
Umar ibn saad sent His head to ibn ziyad and ordered him to send to Kufa. Ibn saad remained in Karbala till the next noon. People from Banu Asad tribe buried Hazrat Hussain and his companions. Sham e ghareebaan is the night of 9th muharram in which Hazrat Husain RA allowed his companions(72 Muslims belonging to the tribe of Quraish ) to leave him if they are afraid of dying by taking advantage of the darkness of night .but nobody had left him. the governor of sham yazid was a cruel ruler who used drink wine and had illicit sexes with women .moreover he used to kill people and wanted to add some principles in the Islamic laws which were against the teachings of Holy Quran and Prophet SAWW. Except ladies from the family of Holy Prophet SAWW and Hazrat Zainulaabadeen the son of Hazrat Hussain every one including Hazrat Hussain and his companions got martyr because they were 72 in number where as the enemies were in thousands in number. But hazrat hussain protected Islam from such a cruel ruler . These ladies and hazrat zainulaabadeen spread the teachings of Islam to other people of the world.
Major signs before the Day of Judgment
The biggest sign before the day of judgment is that people will left differentiating between evil and good deeds .they will live as they please without any fear and love for Allah .According to a Hadith the dooms day will not come until Arabs will be rule by a man whose name will be similar to the name of prophet SAWW means –Imam Mahdi. another sign is that the lunar and solar both ellipses will occur in the month of Ramazan .before the arrival of imam at the place of mina in the month of zhul kiddahmany tribes will fight with each other and pilgrims will be enforced to obey people. At river Euphrate a mountain of gold will appear. To get gold out of 100 every 90 men will killed and other will be injured badly. Imam and his companions will first fight with the tribe of kalbah and will win. Then Muslims will fight against Christians. Both will fight until evening and will returned back to their respective camps. The same situation will run for 3 days. On 4th day a very severe war will be fought and even the flying birds will be killed. Muslims will win in this battle too. A man will come and will tell the 100 Muslim men that dajjal has been appeared.10 or 40 Muslim horse men will be sent who will be the best horsemen of the world. Then a “Great War” will take place. The cause of the war will be Christian however Muslims will fight along with Christians against a third group. Muslims and Christian will win however Christian will say to Muslims that they won because of the blessing of their cross (the symbol of Christianity). Now Muslims will fight with Christians without any weapons and will just say THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH AND ALLAH IS THE GRAETEST for three times and will win. When Muslims were collecting booty dajjal will arrive. Between the Great War and the conquest of istanbol by Muslims there will be 6 years and dajjal will come at 7th year. Imam will attain a high level and position in the world .because of his arrival peace and happiness will prevail everywhere. He will fight with dajjal in the 8th year. And will die on 9th year .the literal meaning of dajjal is anti-Christ and general meaning is one eyed evil. The general meaning of Christianity is a religion in which people follow bible whereas the literal meaning if Christianity is spiritual purification. so dajjal is a man or system against spiritual purification .dajjal will have a mountain of bread but he will give it to only those who will follow him leaving the principles of life given by Allah.dajjal will try to enter holy places like Makah, Medina, masjid e aqsa and masjid e toor but will fail because the angels of Allah will defend these places .the hypocrites will be forced to get out of medina. Earth quake will take place in medina for thrice. Imam had already prepared an army in medina .along with this army Prophet Eesa will go and will finish Dajjal. It must be kept in mind that some companions of dajjal are being interchanging the signs of prophet eesa and dajjal. The companions of dajjal are preparing our world for him. These companions include Jews, liberal women and some hypocrites .everybody will start believing on the religion Islam. prophet will kill every pig .there will be worldly and spiritual happiness .yajooj and majooj will came out from the wall built by Alexander the great but they will die by the prayer of prophet as they will eat everything and put the world into trouble .then after many years Muslims will again left the right path. then a severe land sliding will take place in east ,west ,gulf and in peninsula .then a very severe smoke will spread all over the world for 40 days. and then sun will raise from west and after this the doors of forgiveness will be close forever. then an animal will arrive who will identify who is evil and who is the believer .then a fire will came who will arrange people in three ways one will be those who had fear of Allah and wanted paradise .second will be those whom fire will made to ride 2 or 3 or 10 per camel. Third will be those with whom the fire will remain every time in day , night and evening.
All the four holy books i.e Taurat , Zaboor, Anjeel and Quran which were revealed on prophets Hazrat Daud ,hazrat musa, hazrat eesa and hazrat Muhammad SAWW respectively are known as ilhami kutab.
Arkan e islam
They are five in number and must be fulfill by every muslim .they are toheed , salat , saum, zakat and hajj.
It means to belief in the oneness of Allah and to belief that he is the creator and owner of this universe.
Salat or Prayer or Namaz
Prayer must be offer 5 times a day. they are fajar in which, zuhar, asar ,maghrib and isha .The methods of offering these is explain on page number 21 to 26.
Zakat or Charity
Every year a Muslim should give his 2.5% of money or thing from the collection he has saved for the whole year to the poor and downtrodden to make ever body satisfy in society and to purify the society from diseases and poorness.
Saum or Fasting or Roza
In the whole month or ramazan from the time of fajr prayer upto the time ofmaghrib prayer a muslim should not eat nor drink anything .he/she should not approach his life partner(soulmate) sexually. he should not do any evil deed .and he just have to focus on adoration and good deeds.
Hajj or Pilgrimage
It is the duty of every Muslim to perform pilgrimage of the house of Allah in Makkah if he has power and potentiality .pilgrimage is performed in the month of zhul hijjah .for this Muslims wear special sort of dress called ahraam .there are three types of ahraam one is qiraan in which hajj and umra both must be performed, second is tamatu in which after performing hajj we can perform umra after some break and third is ifraad in which only hajj is to be perform. there are four types of tawaaf .tawaaf e qadoom,tawaaf e ifaada,tawaaf e wida and tawaaf e tataw.after performing one tawaaf we must drink zam zam ( holy and special water).then we have to take 7 walks between safa and marwa . 8th zhul hijjah is spent in mina. 9th zhul hijjah we go to arfaat and offer combine prayer of zuhar and asar. then we go to muzdalfa and offer combine prayer of maghrib and isha there .on 10th zhul hijjah we go to Makah and perform tawaaf e qadoom and then go to mina where we cut our hair and sacrifice animal. now we can wear our casual dress .then again we go to Makah and perform tawaaf e ifaada and after this we can approach our wife/husband sexually .there are 3 satan (shataan) known as jumraat on whom we have to throw 72 pebbles .on 10th we have to throw 7 pebbles .on 11th we have to throw 21 pebbles. on 12th we have to throw 21 pebbles. on 13th we have to throw 12 pebbles. On 12th and 13th we stay at mina and on 13th we go to Makah and perform tawaaf e wida. And thus on13th our hajj is completed.
The Great Creator-Allah the Exalted
Allah has created all living and non living objects .He is alive .He is the owner of this universe .He is the owner, creator, preserver of this earth and all the seven skies and the things between them. He is the most upgrade in conduct. He does not eat nor sleep. He has neither father nor children. He is the supreme. Allah , Rab , Khuda and God are His personal names. He is not a material object instead He is the Energy and Light (noor) of this universe. Everything in the universe obeys his laws. He is Almighty, All-powerful and Ever Existing. he is present everywhere. We can’t see Him nor talk to Him but we can get close to Him by meditation, prayer, and through spirituality and by performing good deeds .His love for us is more than 70 times greater than the love of a mother for her child. Mutaqeen (those who have his fear) love Him and obeys his laws according to Islam -His chosen religion. According to QuranAllah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The similitude of His Light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. Thelamp is in a chandelier (of glass). The chandelier is as it were a star glittering like a pearl; it is lighted from theblessed olive tree which is neither of east nor of west, it is near that its oil may flare up even though the firetouches it not. The Light is upon the Light. Allah guides to His Light whomsoever He will and Allah narratesexamples for the people. And Allah knows all things.
Solutions of difficulties faced by Muslims now a days
We are facing different problems because of our own selves .we should obey the laws and principals of our great and perfect religion Islam. we should love our family and friends .we should care about the poor and the downtrodden .we should not just think for our own selves .we should good grades .we must focusing on this world less as compare to here after ..although we are facing different sorts of problems but we should not lose willpower .we must remain relax and calm .we should work harder to reach such a high and virtuous position that the people of other nations (religion) start desiring to become Muslim to gain such respect ,education ,pleasing manners ,latest technology ,brilliant discoveries, best culture and as devotee to religion as Muslims .but we are just become consuming nation instead of become a producing nation .we used to waste our all time in watching TV ,using face book ,twitter and you tube etc on internet . We should use latest things but according to our needs and in limits we are just studying the books of others .we are not trying to give our thoughts and discoveries and inventions .we should try to fulfill our duty that “The quest for knowledge is the duty of every Muslim (man and woman)” (Hadith).today parents should pay attention on their children to make them good Muslim as well as good citizens & children should take care for their parents .we should not forget that a Muslim is aBrother of every other Muslim . Our religion is only Islam .we does not belong to a “global village” nor belong to a “global religion” but we all Muslims belong to Millet e Islamia. We have our own identity. But we not adopt sins such as stealing, backbiting, insulting other people, wasting money for fashion etc. We should admit thanks to Allah and those who help us .we must have tolerance .all these are the solutions of today’s difficulties. We should try to lower our needs and try to increase job opportunities. All Muslim rulers should try to provide job , health ,education ,and food to their people. We should increase our defense industries, electronic industries as well as other important industries. We should increase our exports .we should have highly equipped machinery. we should belief on every Prophet and love and obey every Prophet equally .all Muslim states should get united to have a upgrade position to make Islamic laws rule all over the world which promote equality ,justice and peace .we have not created to obey evils but to guide them how to have a fruitful life here and here after .every person who belief on Allah , all prophets ,all holy books ,angels ,on the day of judgment and do good deeds is a Muslim .we should adopt purity ,sincerity, spirituality ,fear and love for God ,good deeds and content in good and bad circumstances .We should try to fulfill the Rights of Allah and the Rights of People and must perform all Arkaan -e-Islam .this is the best way of ibadat (adoration).because the word ibadat is derived from word abad which means slave .so slavery of Allah or submission to the will of Allah or obedience of His laws is adoration.
These months are based according to moon.the are 12 in number.
· Rabi ul awal
· Rabi us sani
· Jama di ul awal
· Jama di us sani
· Dhul kidah
· Dhul hijjah
Juma tul wida
Although every day of Ramazan is of great importance but last Friday of this month is celebrated by performing a great zeal of adoration
Shab e qadar
This is the night in which holy Quran started revealing on Prophet SAWW through angel Gabriel.we can find this night in the last 5 odd nights of ramzan by praying, meditation .usually it is celebrated on 27th ramzan but it is not must that 27th is the due date of shab e qadar for every year .we should perform extra adoration on every special day or night according to Shariah.
Shab e mairaj
It is the night of 27th rajab. it is celebrated in the memory of the time when Prophet SAWW visit all the seven skies and met other prophets by riding on boraak and came back on the same nigh just one year before his exodus from Mecca to Medina. The Prophet PBUH accompanied by Angel Gabriel was taken for Night Journey-(ISRA) from Mecca to Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. There he led a congregation of the souls of all the earlier Prophets PBUHThen accompanied by Angel Gabriel he had the Ascension-(MERAJ) to Heavens. In the heavens he met again with the Prophets PBUT individually. Then he was taken to see the Paradise and the Hell. After seeing several important divine Signs (Ayaat) he was led by Gabriel to the Sid’rah (The Berry Tree). Gabriel stopped there. The ProphetPBUH proceeded from there to the Divine Proximity. The ProphetPBUH had the Vision of God, Lord of the Universe. Five obligatory prayers were ordained by the way of Thanksgiving. The ProphetPBUH was brought back to the earth and to his own place before the Dawn prayers in the same night.
Shab e inaam
It is also called lilatul jaiza.it is the night before eid ul azha and eid ul fitr. one should perform adoration in this night to please Allah and to gain virtuous of paradise
Shab e baraat
It is the night of 15 shabaan .in this night Allah decides all the circumstances to be faced by every individual .all the things related to whole next year like food, life or death etc.
Eid milaad un Nabi SAWW
It is the 12th of rabiulawal .this day is celebrated because it is the birth day of Prophet Muhammad SAWW
Eid ul ghadeer
It is celebrated on 18th zhul hajjah in the memory that Prophet SAWW selected Hazrat Ali RA as his successor
Eid ul azha
It is celebrated on 10th zhulhajjah by sacrificing animal having four legs
Eid ul fitr
It is celebrated on 1st shawaal with great enthusiasm as a reward from Allah on fasting in the month of Ramazan
Last address of Holy Prophet SAWW or Khudba hajjatul Wida
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “O people, listen to my words carefully.
“O people, just as you regard this month, this day this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Remember that you will appear before Allah and answer for your actions.
“Return the things kept with you as a trust (Amanah) to their rightful owners. All dues of interest shall stand cancelled and you will have only your capital back, Allah has forbidden interest, and I cancel the debts of interest payable to my uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib.
“O People, your wives have a certain right over you and you have a certain right over them. Treat them well and be kind to them., for they are your partners and committed helpers.
“Beware of Shaytaan, he is desperate to direct you away from the worship of Allah, so beware of him in the matters of religion.
“O People, Listen carefully, all believers are brothers. You are not allowed to take the things belonging to another Muslim unless he gives it to you willingly.
“O People, none is higher than another unless he is higher in the obedience to Allah. No Arab is superior to a non-Arab except in piety.
“O People, reflect on my words. I leave behind two things, the Holy Quraan and my Example, and if you follow these two you will not go astray.
“Listen to me carefully! Worship Allah and offer Salaah, observe Saum (fasting) in the month of Ramadaan and pay Zakaah.
“O People be mindful of those who work under you. Feed and clothe them as you feed and cloth yourself.
“O People, no prophet or messenger will come after me and no new faith will emerge.
“All those who listen to me will pass on my words to others, and those to others again.
“Have I conveyed the Message of Allah to you, O! People?”
The Sahaba answered in one voice, “Yes, you have. Allah is the Witness.”
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then said, “O! Allah, You are my Witness.”
As the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) finished his sermon, Allah Almighty revealed the following last verse of the Holy Quraan.
“Today, I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you and have chosen Islam as the way of your life.” (Quraan - Al Maidah -Ch 5 Verse 3)
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) immediately recited this verse to all those present. After completing the other rituals of Hajj he returned to Madinah.
Stories of Prophets
We should believe on every prophet as Prophet SAWW himself told us that “All prophets had built a good building of Islam just a last brick had left and I am that brick”.
Prophet Adam AS
When Allah told angels that He will create man on Earth they asked why you will create a creature that will spread bloodshed whereas we admit your praise. Allah told them that he knows what they don’t know. When Prophet Adam was created Allah told him the names of everything and asked angels to tell their names .angels replied that they don’t know. Now Allah asked prophet to tell them the names then Allah ordered angels to pay sajda (bow their heads and touch the earth) to Prophet. Every angel obeyed except iblees as he said that I am better than a man I am made of fire whereas he is made of earth .Allah ordered iblees to go out of the paradise forever. iblees became Satan. He said to Allah that he will motivate every man to choose wrong path except those who will be your true believers. Prophet had everything. Still he used to remain serious. Allah created hawa from prophet’s body as prophet’s wife. Allah allowed them to eat and drink whatever they want but forbade going near to a certain tree but satan told a lie to hawa that if they eat the fruit of that tree they will get a everlasting life. Hawa lured Prophet to eat that fruit. After eating that fruit their clothes removed. They both were also turned out from paradise. Proph